Three Basic Types of Airguns
Calibre 0.22", Weight 14.6gn, Length 6.39mm, Skirt Dia. 5.72mm, Head Dia. 5.47mm
Calibre 0.22", Weight 13.3gn, Length 6.83mm, Skirt Dia. 5.56mm, Head Dia. 5.54mm
An Air Rifle Pellet Photographic Database (updated 19/09/10). All the pellets have been photographed at x2 life size and then resized for the database.
AIRGUN, CALIBER and PELLET SELECTION
by Tom Holzel
Airguns are mechanical devices that turn the stored potential energy of a coiled spring or compressed gas into kinetic (moving) energy, and transmit it to a projectile. However, the kinetic energy (or "power"') of a gun is not measured directly. Rather it is the energy imparted to the projectile (a pellet) that is measured. This pellet energy is the product of "velocity" and "weight" (actually "mass"), both of which are measured separately.
HUNTING AIR RIFLES:
WHAT PELLET SHOULD I USE?
AIRGUN SHOT REPEATABILITY:
AIR RIFLE HUNTING:
Article reprinted from Beeman Precision Airgun Guide.
Diana P5 Magnum
Brand new in SA!!! This is the only pistol that can reach over 600ft/s. Very accurate and a real pleasure to shoot. Only drawback is that the stock is shaped for a right handed shooter.
Diana 21 Panther
Perfect high quality rifle for the smaller person. Reliable break-barrel-system with the new straight resistive composite hunting-styled stock, the match type trigger and the fiber optic will guarantee a maximum of joy and fun. ( 600 fps)
Diana 31 Panther
Perfect in technique and design The powerful and reliable break-barrel-system with the new straight resistive composite hunting-styled stock, the match type trigger and the fiber optic will guarantee a maximum of joy and fun. An airgun, you will hardly find anywhere else! (1000 fps)
Diana Model 48
One of the most powerful Diana air rifles with fixed barrel and side cocking lever. A big plus point of the side lever is that it enable you to fit a bi-pod. Optimum range performance, match type trigger, automatic trigger safety catch with additional cocking guard, metal rear sight universally adjustable, front sight adjustable, rail for scopes, beech wood stock with rubber buttplate. 177Cal. 1100 fps
Diana Model 48 B
Exactly the same as the normal model 48, but with a beautifull black stock.
Diana 350 Magnum
Extreme power (1250 fps), breakbarrel masterpiece
Diana 350 Classic
Extreme power (1250 fps), breakbarrel masterpiece
Air Arms S400 Classic
The bench mark by which most other Pre Charged Pneumatic or PCP air rifles are gauged. Available only in .177 (or 4.5mm) calibre, the S400 Classic offers you great value for money. A single shot bolt action Pre Charged Pneumatic , the Air Arms S400 Classic is 980mm long and gives approx 80 shots with the regulated 12ftlb of energy. The Air Arms S400 Classic comes with a high quality and well finished Beech wood stock. Other stock options are available on request.
Air Arms S400 Carbine
The Air Arms S400 Carbine has a slightly shorter overall length of 885mm and a barrel 395mm long. Weight is also reduced whilst the power is still an effective 12ftlb. The only "loss" is in the number of available shots, which is about 60 shots.
Air Arms S410
The S410 is the multi shot version of the S400 and comes with a 10 shot magazine which indexes its self each time the rifle is cocked to fire. This alleviates the need to insert a pellet between shots. Spare magazines are available and can be swapped very quickly with minimal effort very useful in a hunting situation. Shown here is the carbine version.
Air Arms S400 MPR FT
Known world wide for their quality and accuracy, the Air Arms line of air rifles has a new champion.... the Air Arms S400 MPR FT sports target rifle. Available in the .177 calibre, the Air Arms S400 MPR FT comes packed with the features of a custom built air rifle eg. a high quality Walnut stock which is length and height adjustable as well as fitted with weights in the forearm. It also has a patented muzzle break and a match trigger.
Air Arms Prosport
Regarded by many as the best spring rifle available, the Pro-Sport comes with a specification normally only associated with tuned weapons. Apart from the cocking mechanism this under-lever rifle has the tried and tested but upgraded mechanics of the TX series rifles, including the much praised 'CD' trigger system. The rifle is cocked by means of a recessed cocking lever housed in the underside of the rifle. This Pro-Sport also features an anti bear trap safety device so that as long as then cocking arm is open the gun will not fire.
Air Arms TX200 Mk3
The Mk3 is the latest versions of the highly popular TX200 and TX200HC series, seen for some time as the No. 1 general purpose rifle for field and target use. The new TX200 takes spring powered rifles to a different dimension. Amongst other changes the Mk3 has reduced cocking effort and a built in sound moderator.
Air Arms TX200HC
The HC is a short version of the TX200. This rifle has a bull barrel with a threaded insert, which allows the fitting of an internal moderator insert. It shares the standard TX internals but has a shorter barrel.
Air Arms S200
The S200 is a low cost no-frills introduction to pcp shooting that is small in size but big on performance. This super compact rifle is primarily aimed at younger or more slightly built shooter. However it has proved a very capable weapon and will also suit adults that prefer something a little different. This model has a fixed cylinder re-filled via a quick release filling connector.
If a single shot is not what you want from your rifle, but would still like the S200, there is now available for the S200 the Air Arms 10 shot magazine system. This is a retro fittable kit that simply bolts on to your S200 turning it from a single shot to a magazine fed 10. The magazine its self is not fixed to the system so you can carry spare mags and reload very quickly.
Weihrauch HW 25 L
A strong well-made air rifle of good accuracy for the ambitious young shooter. The ideal first gun. Automatic safety, match type trigger, micrometer sight adjustable for windage and elevation with four different notches, beechwood stock with cheekpiece.
Weihrauch HW 30 M/II
A superior, light and well-balanced air rifle of excellent accuracy for the whole family. Automatic safety, match type trigger, tunnel front sight, micrometer sight adjustable for windage and elevation with four different notches, beechwood stock with long and handy forearm and cheekpiece, rubber buttplate.
The HW30S comes with a front diopter sight and different inserts that makes it the perfect springer for 10m school competitions. As an added bonus it also has the famous Rekord trigger.
Weihrauch HW 40 PCA
A precision air pistol in modern design · German craftmanship · recoilless action at an entry level price point · single stroke pneumatic · quiet and smooth · very good balanced · precision two stage trigger · fiber-optic sights · micrometer sight adjustable for windage and elevation · dovetail rail for scope mounting · automatically operated safety lever · pistol grip fits for right- and left-handed shooters · consistent velocity at 122 m/s, ready for 10 m target shooting.
Weihrauch HW 50 MK2
A proven medium-heavy sporting and training air rifle suitable for all types of leisure and sporting use for the whole family. Solid construction with powerful piston spring and excellent accuracy. Automatic safety, match type trigger, tunnel front sight, micrometer sight adjustable for windage and elevation with four different notches, beechwood stock with long and handy forearm and cheekpiece, rubber buttplate. The HW50S is exactly the same as the Mk2, but it has the Rekord trigger.
Weihrauch HW 57
A precision air rifle in modern design with underlever cocking. Single shot with loading gate. Medium heavy and well-balanced. Automatic safety, adjustable match trigger "Rekord", micrometer sight adjustable for windage and elevation with four different notches, long and handy beechwood stock with cheekpiece, checkering on pistol grip and forearm, rubber buttplate.
Weihrauch HW 77
These exciting fixed barrel rifles with underlever cocking action are undoubtedly the ultimate in high power sporting rifles and provide maximum power and accuracy. The ideal choice for the long distance shooter who values performance combined with minimum recoil together with sleek good looks and superb finish. Fixed barrel system, removable front sight, micrometer rear sight with four different notches, automatic safety, precision adjustable match trigger "Rekord", handy and elegant hardwood stock with checkering, pistol grip cap and rubber buttplate. This rifle is also available in carbine version (HW77K) .
Weihrauch HW 80
Probably the best breakbarrel air rifle available, often classified as "the workhorse". The robust construction, the excellent accuracy and the powerful main spring guarantee an extraordinary efficiency and penetration power especially at longer distances. Beautifully shaped Monte-Carlo-stock (beech), checkered pistol grip and rubber buttplate. Front sight tunnel with interchangeable inserts · micrometer rear sight with 4 different notches · automatic safety · precision adjustable match trigger "Rekord".
Weihrauch HW 85
Very high efficiency and excellent accuracy and suitable for all types of leisure and sporting use. Handy and light-weight in the well-known Weihrauch quality. Fixed front sight tunnel. Hardwood stock with walnut finish, contoured forearm, fine checkered pistol grip, rubber buttplate. Micrometer rear sight with 4 different notches · automatic safety · precision adjustable match trigger
Weihrauch HW 90
The air rifle with the unique Theoben gas ram system. The very fast locking time and the recoil reducing system as well as its stable and solid conception are the outstanding features. Equipped with the precision adjustable trigger "Elite" with automatic safety. A new stock design incorporates an extended forearm and a high cheekpiece, checkering on the pistol grip, rubber buttplate. For scope use, we especially recommend the a very strong scope like the Nikko Sterling Airking. One of the most powerful airguns available.
Weihrauch HW 97 K (available in 4.5mm and 5mm)
Especially developed for field-target and silhouette shooting, well-balanced, easy and smooth cocking. Fixed barrel system with muzzle break, handy and elegant stock especially designed for scope use, checkered pistol grip and forearm, rubber buttplate. Also available with a blue laminated stock (HW97KL).
Daisy 1938 Red Ryder ( 650 shot BB rifle )
Daisy Powerline TargetPro 953 ( .177 )
Daisy Powerline 693 ( 15 shot BB pistol ) OUT OF STOCK
Daisy Powerline 15XT ( 15 shot BB pistol ) OUT OF STOCK
Daisy Powerline 617X ( dual calibre, 6 shot BB / .177 pistol )
680 ft/s, Break barrel cocking mechanism. Great quality, lightweight and accurate. This rifle offer great value for money.
Norica Marvic Gold (sold in the US as the Beeman GS1000)
This is a real beauty... pictures don't do this rifle justice. Accuracy and power to match the best.
Norica Dragon Special
This rifle can get to reach 305 m/s. It has a ventilated recoil pad and an ambidextrous ergonomic stock and checkered pistol grip and forearm. Magicwood impact proof fiber stock and a chemical nickel plated barrel.
A very nice little rifle at a competitive price.
Norica Model 56
A light, manageable and affordable airgun. Perfect for a young shooters.
A nice medium sized rifle for those who seek sporting pleasure above all. It fires at 190 m/s with the precision of a perfectly calibrated grooved barrel and an adjustable rear sight.
Hunting with an Air Rifle
AMMUNITION FOR AN AIR GUN:
FIELD TARGET 4.52 mm (0.177”) caliber and 5.50 mm (0.22”) round head air gun pellet. This pellet has been designed for long range accuracy shooting and hunting. It has been also made for strong rifles with a high initial velocity.
By James E. House
Scads of hunters turn to primitive weapons like bows, muzzloaders and even spears to add spice to their favorite pastime. Yet few remember the satisfaction that came with dropping small game with their first gun, the one that worried their mothers.
Before most of us shot or owned a centerfire hunting rifle, we gained experience and learned safe gun-handling procedures with an airgun. Most of today’s hunters learned early on from their fathers how to safely shoot a BB gun (and from their mothers, “Don’t shoot your eye out!”). Many graduated to hunting small game with a more powerful pellet gun before turning to rimfire and centerfire rifles.
Isn’t it time to rediscover the challenge and joy of prowling the woods with a modern “primitive” weapon?
Air rifles suitable for small game hunting are inexpensive to buy and shoot. They produce almost no noise and little recoil. They also can be fired safely in places where it would be inappropriate to use a rimfire or centerfire gun. This makes frequent practice possible.
Among the different types of airguns, the multi-pump rifle of moderate cost, weight and power is the best choice for small game hunting. Break-action (also known as spring piston) air rifles tend to be long and heavy. They also are inherently less accurate than pump guns. Since CO2-powered rifles lose velocity at lower temperatures, they’re not always the most effective gun to carry.
Airgun hunters should be particular about the ammo they use. Virtually all airgun pellets have a “diabolo” shape, meaning a pellet with a smaller waist than the head or skirt. The four most popular types of pellets are wadcutter (flat nose), dome (round nose), pointed and hollowpoint.
Not all pellets are created equal. Some have smaller internal cavities, which make them more rigid. Pellets with large internal cavities tend to flatten or rivet on impact, limiting penetration. This is not a problem when the target is a crow or a pigeon, but it is a concern when the target is a squirrel. Bushytails are tough, and it takes a strongly constructed pellet to penetrate their hides and well-toned muscles.
Accuracy is the No. 1 consideration when choosing an air rifle to hunt small game. Because an air rifle might produce a muzzle energy of only 8 to 12 foot-pounds, the pellet must be placed precisely in a lethal zone, usually the brain or the upper chest cavity. Your air rifle/pellet combination must be capable of hitting a penny-sized target at the range you expect to encounter squirrels or other small game.
For many rifles, this level of accuracy limits you to shots of 25 yards or less. I have air rifles that consistently group within 3Ú4 inch at 30 yards, but hitting targets of that size requires the use of a scope. To find out how accurate your rifle is with a particular pellet, you need to fire it from a rest.
One pellet that has a reputation for outstanding accuracy and lethality on game is the Crosman Premier. It is probably the most widely used hunting pellet in .177 caliber. The domed pellet is available in two weights: 7.9 and 10.5 grains. Velocities are considerably lower with the heavier version, but it gives outstanding penetration.
In .20 caliber, the Crosman Premier and Sheridan cylindrical pellets both weigh 14.3 grains and have very solid construction. They are excellent choices when penetration is required. In .22 caliber, the Crosman Premier weighs 14.3 grains.
Wadcutter and hollowpoint pellets give less penetration than do pointed or domed ones when fired into the same medium. In one test, I fired the 14.3-grain .22-caliber Crosman wadcutter, domed and pointed pellets at approximately 600 fps into bars of soap. Penetration was 1.97, 2.47 and 2.52 inches for the wadcutter, domed and pointed pellets, respectively.
While the penetration given by any of these pellets might be sufficient for small game, it is clear that pointed and round-nosed pellets provide deeper penetration. I have conducted tests with .177 and .20 calibers with similar results.
But penetration is only one aspect of pellet effectiveness. Penetration comes at the expense of rapid transfer of energy that results in a wider wound channel.
The holes in soap reveal differences in the effects of different types of pellets. The channel produced by the hollow-pointed Beeman Crow Magnum widens after initial entry due to pellet expansion. Wadcutter pellets give large entrance holes as the soap is forced outward around the advancing flat point. That is what I refer to as “smash.”
There is a tradeoff between penetration and smash delivered by a pellet. My advice is to select a pellet that gives smash if the target is fragile (starlings, crows or pigeons) and one that gives penetration if the game is tough (squirrels). My favorite smash pellets include the Crosman wadcutter, Beeman Crow Magnum, and the Dynamit Nobel Supermag wadcutter.
Pellets that provide good penetration include the Crosman Premier (dome and pointed), Beeman Kodiak (round nose) and Silver Sting (pointed).
Some pellets do not give the greatest penetration or smash but are adequate in both attributes. Two such pellets are the Winchester Hunting pellet marketed by Daisy Outdoor Products and the Dynamit Nobel Superdome (both are round-nosed).
Air rifles of the past were not as effective on game as they are today because the ammo was inferior. Modern pellets are much more uniform and give better accuracy. With the dozens of types of pellets available, hunting with air rifles is entering a whole new era.
James E. House is an avid airgun shooter and the author of “American Air Rifles,” a 208-page book available from Krause Publications.
-- Reprinted from the premier issue of Buckmasters GunHunter Magazine in 2003
To keep listings as accurate as possible comments should include
Multi Pumpers - The number of pumps used
PCPs - The amount of pressure used & if there is a low medium and high setting the setting used
Custom Airguns must be listed as custom, a custom 2240 is still a 2240 you can list who did the
custom work but the builder is still Crosman. example: Crosman 2240 by Crosman
Finally !! the Big Daddy of Air Guns !
Quackenbush Air Guns